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ⓘ Al-Kamal ibn al-Humam




                                     

ⓘ Al-Kamal ibn al-Humam

Al-Kamal ibn al-Humam was a prominent Egyptian Hanafi-Maturidi legal theorist and jurist. He was a mujtahid and highly regarded in many sciences of knowledge and was also a Sufi. Highly regarded in all fields of knowledge, including fiqh, usul al-fiqh, kalam, logic, Sufism, Arabic language and literature, tafsir, Hadith, Islamic law of inheritance, mathematics, and music.

He is famous for his commentary known as Fath al-Qadeer on the famous Hanafi book al-Hidayah.

                                     

1. Life

He was born in Alexandria, Egypt, and studied in Cairo as well as Aleppo. His ancestry was from the Turkish province of Sivas, but he was born in Alexandria and grew up and passed away in Cairo. He was appointed head shaykh of the Khanaqah Shaykhuniyyah in Cairo in 1443.

                                     

2. Teachers

He studied under many notable scholars, among them are:

  • Wali al-Din Abu Zura al-Iraqi d. 826/1423 the son of Zain al-Din al-Iraqi.
  • Badr al-Din al-Ayni d. 855/1451.
  • Izz al-Din ibn Jamaa d. 819/1416.
  • Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani d. 825/1449.
                                     

3. Students

Among his celebrated students are:

  • Ibn Amir al-Hajj d. 879/1474.
  • Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti d. 911/1505.
  • Ibn Qutlubugha d. 879/1474.
  • Zakariyya al-Ansari d. 926/1520.
  • Sharaf al-Din Yahya al-Munawi d. 871/1467 whose great-grandson Abd al-Rauf al-Munawi would write a commentary on al-Suyutis al-Jami al-Saghir.
  • Shams al-Din al-Sakhawi d. 902/1497.
  • Badr al-Din Abu al-Yusr Muhammad ibn al-Ghars d. 894/1488.
  • Kamal al-Din ibn Abi Sharif d. 905-906/1499-1500.
                                     

4. Books

Among his well-known writings are:

  • Al-Musayara fi al-Aqaid al-Munjiya fi al-Akhira Arabic: المسايرة في العقائد المنجية في الآخرة ‎, a theological treatise that follows the sequence of Imam al-Ghazalis tract on dogmatic theology called al-Risala al-Qudsiyya The Jerusalem Epistle; hence, the name al-Musāyarah the Pursuit.
  • Zad al-Faqeer Arabic: زاد الفقير ‎, a treatise on the rulings of prayer and purification.
  • Fath al-Qadeer lil-Ajiz al-Faqeer Arabic: فتح القدير للعاجز الفقير ‎.

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